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How to access

Ways to share an Access desktop database

There are several ways that you can share an Access database depending on your needs and resource availability. In this article, we’ll take a look at the options available, the benefits of each option, and resources for more information.

In this article

An overview of ways to share Access data

Database applications change and grow over time. Many factors impact needs and performance including the number of concurrent users, the network environment, throughput, latency, the size of the database, peak usage times, and expected growth rates. In short, if your database solution is successful, it probably needs to evolve. Fortunately, Access has an evolutionary path, from simple to advanced, that you can take over time to effectively scale your solution. The following table summarizes Access scenarios and workloads to help you choose that path.

Share a single database

This is the simplest option and has the least requirements, but also provides the least functionality. In this method, the database file is stored on a shared network drive, and all users share the database file simultaneously. Some limitations include reliability and availability if there are multiple simultaneous users changing data since all database objects are shared. This technique can also reduce performance as all the database objects are sent across the network.

This option might work for you if only a few people are expected to use the database at the same time and users don’t need to customize the design of the database. But this method is less secure than other methods of sharing a database, because each user has a full copy of the database file, increasing the risk of unauthorized access.

To share a database by using a shared folder:

In a home or small business environment, share a folder with specific people. For more information, see File sharing over a network in Windows 10.

Make sure that Access is set to open in shared mode on all of the users’ computers. This is the default setting, but you should check to be sure — if a user opens the database in exclusive mode, it will interfere with data availability.

Start Access and under File, click Options.

In the Access Options box, click Client Settings.

In the Advanced section, under Default open mode, select Shared, click OK, and then exit Access.

Copy the database file to the shared folder. After you copy the file, make sure that the file attributes are set to allow read/write access to the database file. Users must have read/write access to use the database.

On each user’s computer, create a shortcut to the database file. For more information, see Create a desktop shortcut for an Office program or file.

Share a split database

This is a good choice if you do not have a SharePoint site or a database server. You can share a split database over a Local Area Network (LAN). When you split a database, you reorganize it into two files — a back-end database that contains the data tables, and a front-end database that contains all the other database objects such as queries, forms, and reports. Each user interacts with the data by using a local copy of the front-end database.

The benefits of splitting a database include the following:

Improved performance Only the data is shared across the network not the tables, queries, forms, reports, macros and modules.

Greater availability Database transactions such as record edits are completed more quickly.

Enhanced security Users access the back-end database through linked tables; it is less likely that intruders can obtain unauthorized access to the data via the front-end database.

Improved reliability If a user encounters a problem and the database closes unexpectedly, any database file corruption is usually limited to the copy of the front-end database that the user had open.

Flexible development environment Each user can independently develop queries, forms, reports, and other database objects without affecting other users. You can also develop and distribute a new version of the front-end database without disrupting access to the data that is stored in the back-end database.

Share data on a SharePoint site

There are several ways to share Access data on a SharePoint site:

Linking The linking process connects to data in another program, so that you can view and edit the latest data both in SharePoint and in Access without creating and maintaining a copy of the data in Access. If you don’t want to copy a SharePoint list into your Access database, but instead want to run queries and generate reports based on the contents of that list, you can link to the data.

Moving When you move data from Access to a SharePoint site, you create lists on the SharePoint site that remain linked to tables in your database. The Export Tables to SharePoint Wizard helps you to move the data from all your tables at the same time and to maintain their relationships.

Warning Although you can save an Access database file to OneDrive or a SharePoint document library, we recommend that you avoid opening an Access database from these locations. The file may be downloaded locally for editing and then uploaded again once you save your changes to SharePoint. If more than one person opens the Access database from SharePoint, multiple copies of the database may get created and some unexpected behaviors may occur. This recommendation applies to all types of Access files including a single database, a split database, and the .accdb, .accdc, .accde, and .accdr file formats. For more information on deploying Access, see Deploy an Access application.

Share data by using a database server

You can use Access with a database server product such as SQL Server to share your database. This method offers you many benefits, but does require additional software — a database server product.

This method is similar to splitting a database because the tables are stored on the network, and each user has a local copy of an Access database file that contains links to the tables, along with queries, forms, reports, and other database objects. Benefits of this sharing method depends on the database server software that you use, but generally include user accounts and selective access to data, excellent data availability, and good integrated data management tools. Moreover, most database server software works well with earlier versions of Access, so not all your users must use the same version. Only tables are shared. For more information, see Migrate an Access database to SQL Server, Import or link to data in an SQL Server database, and Link to or import data from an Azure SQL Server Database.

Benefits of sharing a database by using a database server

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High performance and scalability In many situations, a database server offers better performance than an Access database file alone. Many database server products also provide support for very large, terabyte-sized databases, approximately 500 times the current limit for an Access database file (two gigabytes). Database server products generally work very efficiently by processing queries in parallel (using multiple native threads within a single process to handle user requests) and minimizing additional memory requirements when more users are added.

Increased availability Most database server products allow you to back up your database while it is in use. Consequently, you do not have to force users to exit the database to back up data. Moreover, database server products usually handle concurrent editing and record-locking very efficiently.

Improved security No database can be made completely secure. However, database server products offer robust security that will help protect your data from unauthorized use. Most database server products offer account-based security, allowing you to specify who can see which tables. Even in the event that the Access front-end is improperly obtained, unauthorized use of data is prevented by account-based security.

Automatic recoverability In case of system failure (such as an operating system crash or power outage), some database server products have automatic recovery mechanisms that recover a database to the last state of consistency in a matter of minutes, with no database administrator intervention.

Server-based processing Using Access in a client/server configuration helps reduce network traffic by processing database queries on the server before sending results to the client. Having the server do the processing is usually more efficient, especially when working with large data sets.

Azure SQL Server In addition to the benefits of SQL Server, offers dynamic scalability with no downtime, intelligent optimization, global scalability and availability, elimination of hardware costs, and reduced administration.

How to access an Access database using JavaScript?

I have to display marks of my students through my site. The database is created using Microsoft Access. How can I display the marks of each student in a table, as they enter the registration number?

9 Answers 9

Why do you want to use Javascript? It runs in the browser of the site’s visitors, and even if there were a way to have it directly access a database (which there isn’t), it would be a horrible security risk, since it would have to contain the DB password, so that each visitor of the site could get full access to the DB.

What you need is something that runs on the server and accesses the DB to deliver different pages to the visitor depending on data entered in an HTML form. Typical languages used for this are PHP, Perl, Ruby or ASP.

Also note that MS Access is a very poor choice as a DB backend to a web app since it does not support concurrent access from different users.

All in all it looks like you need more direct help than this site can provide; try finding a web app specialist in your area.

I know this is an old question, but I happened to come across this project, AccessDB, at the same time as this question so I figured I’d post it. Note that it says it is for use with Internet Explorer. I’m guessing they are using a Microsoft only feature to access the file, but I really haven’t looked into it.

From their website:

ACCESSdb is a JavaScript library used to dynamically connect to and query locally available Microsoft Access database files within Internet Explorer. All you need is an .mdb file; Access does not even need to be installed!

JavaScript can’t directly access the database. You’ll need to have some server-side component that takes requests (probably via HTTP), parses them and returns the requested data.

Then the JavaScript could access that component to fetch the data (hm . smells like AJAX).

I havent used M$ Access for a very long time, but I think they have some pretty good ways to export data to an HTML format. That will be static HTML code, but that could be enough for what you want to do. Definitely easier than writing a DB backend .

You are think from a client side, whereas you should be thinking on the server side.

You need a script on the server side that will query Access, and create the HTML for it, depending upon the value of a registration number supplied in a form.

The scripting language is up to you. Given that you are using Access, I imagine one of the Microsoft family of languages would be best, and that your institution will have a web server already (presumably IIS) to host your website.

First things first:

  • What server software is your institution running? This determines the best programming language to use.
  • What budget do you have. If it is near zero, then you are looking at free IDEs. It might be better to develop in Eclipse and deploy on Tomcat, regardless of the server OS.
  • What languages do you know?
  • Get a book on programming websites using your technology of choice. For example with Java I’d suggest using Struts and Tiles for a simple website like this.
  • You might want to migrate the data from Access to a database backend — MSSQL if your institution already has a license, or MySQL or PostgreSQL if you have a budget of zero.

From your question it sounds like this is all new to you. This is a small project however, so an ideal start to learning how to write interactive websites.

How To Access Blocked Sites To Unblock Banned Webpages?

Unblock websites at school, office, etc.

R estrictions and bans on websites are always annoying, and governments are now censoring content more than ever. Moreover, if you also feel stifled by the blocked websites in your office or school, here are some ways to access blocked websites.

Check out 14 easy ways to bypass the censorship to access blocked websites. These easy-to-use and effective methods include the use of VPN, extensions, DNS hack, proxy websites, and others. Let’s tell you about them:

How to unblock blocked websites: 14 useful methods!

1. Use VPN for unblocking

As its name suggests, a VPN (Virtual Proxy Network) software acts as a hiding layer that doesn’t reveal your real IP address. As per our experience and expert reviews, using a reliable VPN service is the best way to unblock websites with ease. All popular VPNs have their apps for PC, Mac, Android, iOS, etc., which makes it easy to unblock sites at work or school.

If you’re interested in diving deep, you can check out our detailed article on what is VPN and how it works. Here are some great VPN packages for you to try —

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2. Become Anonymous: Use Proxy Websites

Very often, in a professional environment, employers draw certain boundaries, restricting your access to some particular websites like video streaming, social networking, or even personal emails. At times, you need a way to access the blocked websites and in those situations, proxy websites act as a rescue method.

However, do note that an unblock proxy isn’t as secure as a VPN. So, if you’re really secretive about your work, #1 method is the one to choose.

On the web, there are hundreds of proxy websites that make your web experience ‘unrestricted.’ A proxy website camouflages the blocked site from the ISPs and allows you to access blocked websites.

Eg: In case Facebook is blocked in your institution, or you can go to and enter the blocked URL to access the service —

3. Use IP Rather Than URL

Most of you might know that each website’s URL has an IP address and the authorities blocking the site might have just stored the URL instead of the IP. In that case, you can use the IP address of a site to open banned webpages in your Chrome browser.

  • On Windows, type tracert in command prompt to get the IP address.
  • On Mac, open Network Utility, click Traceroute option at the top, and enter the website address to find its IP address.
  • For iPhone and Android, find apps with name Traceroute on App Store and Play Store.
  • On Linux, type dig in Terminal to get the IP address.

Now enter this IP address in your web browser’s address bar and hit Enter to visit “access denied” websites. Similar tools and commands can also be used on other platforms like Mac, Linux, Android, etc.

4. Change Network Proxy In Browsers

Your college or institute might have more than one proxy for its network. So, it happens that some websites are restricted on one proxy, but accessible on another. So, you can give a try to proxy surfing to access blocked websites in your college.

Disabling the network proxy settings in our web browsers isn’t a tough task. You just need to find the connections/network option in the settings of your web browser. There, you can select the no proxy option or use another one that’s providing unrestricted browsing at your institution. For example, here’s a settings window showing how you can change the settings in the Firefox web browser:

5. Use Google Translate

Institutes or even countries sometimes don’t ban Google Translate. Probably because it’s an educational tool and nobody considers it something powerful enough to unblock sites at school or offices. So, with this tool, you can bypass the restriction by converting the blocked website into some other language that you may know. Try Google Translate and see for yourself. It is yet another simple way to access blocked websites.

6. Bypass censorship via Extensions

If the websites that are blocked are dynamic in nature such as Facebook or YouTube, then you should give a try to these extensions. Hola and ProxMate are some extensions that you can use to access blocked websites on Chrome and other browsers. UltraSurf is one such effective extension that lets you browse freely using its encrypted proxy network. It’s powerful enough to evade lots of power to defeat firewalls.

7. URL recasting method

There are instances when a particular website is hosted in VPN and it doesn’t have a verified SSL installed. For such websites, you can simply go to the address bar of your web browser and try typing, instead of accessing or This change might display a security notice. Press on the Proceed Anyway option and visit the website. This isn’t a foolproof method but it could be handy at times.

8. Replace your DNS Server

We’ve already discussed this method under a separate topic named DNS Hack. You can simply use this method and bypass the blockade. This method generally involves using Google DNS or OpenDNS for accessing the internet. Here are the detailed steps on the same.

Recently, Cloudflare also launched its DNS service which claimed to be the fastest, privacy-focused DNS service. Cloudflare also made available their DNS service via Android and iOS apps. I often use this one-click method to access blocked sites in my region.

Changing DNS also ensures better privacy while browsing. Because with default settings every WiFi network you’ve connected to and ISPs have lists of sites you’ve visited.

9. Go to Internet Archive — Wayback Machine

Wayback Machine is an interesting service that stores a copy of most of all website on the internet. It saves multiple versions of a website and you can use it to access the past versions of a website. The users can also use it to browse the blocked content online.

Moreover, this amazing website also contains lots of free movies, documentaries, nostalgic games, ebooks, etc. So, even if some service or websites becomes defunct, Wayback Machine has got your back.

10. Use RSS Feed of website

RSS readers are useful for getting the fresh content and reading them with ease. You can grab the RSS feed of the blocked website and add it to your reader. Just in case that website doesn’t have a feed, there are some useful online services to create the feed. In recent times, with the rise of fake news on social media platforms and algorithmic updates, RSS readers are making a comeback. You can use one like Feedly and get all the content delivered from your trusted sources.

11. Use TOR

If you’re a privacy advocate, you might be already knowing about the massively popular Tor browser. This could act as a web blocker bypass tool if you set it up properly. In many cases, you can unblock websites at school or office and remain anonymous as well. There’s a dual advantage as you’d also be able to get rid of any kind of surveillance. After VPN and proxies, using Tor is the most powerful method to unblock sites. It’s also used as a gateway to dark web sites, or .onion sites, which are blocked on your usual web.

Apart from just web blocker bypass, if you are into exploring ways to enhance your computer security, you can also go for the deadly combination of TOR and VPN. Many VPNs like NordVPN and ExpressVPN provide technology like Onion Over VPN, which offer an extra layer of protection.

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12. Switch internet network

Most of the ISPs provide a dynamic IP to the users which keeps changing from time to time. So, it’s possible that a website owner has blocked your particular IP from some time. In that case, you can access that blocked site by restarting your Wi-Fi router to force its to allot you another IP address.

Another simple way to bypass restrictions is to use your personal smartphone network if your network admin has blocked some particular services. While this method isn’t 100% foolproof, it’s a nice and legal alternative to breaking the rules at your office.

13. Use HTML to PDF converter

SodaPDF provides a free online service that can help you directly download a web page on your computer without even accessing it. Just visit this link and enter the desired URL. That’s it. There are other HTML to PDF converter web blocker bypass services that you can try. There are some services that need your URL and they simply mail the unblocked webpage.

14. Use Firefox from a USB drive

If your school or office is known to take steps to restrict site access, I won’t be surprised you’re not allowed to install extensions on the web browser to open the websites for your personal use. In that case, you can install a web browser like Firefox portable on a USB drive. Couple it with some good unblock proxy service and you’ve got it covered.

These are some of the most effective and easy to use methods to circumvent the censorship that has been put on your favorite websites. Let us know which one do you prefer to access blocked websites in your region.

How to access websites

For most people nowadays, using the internet involves accessing information or entertainment, viewing products and services, or using social media platforms to keep in touch with friends and acquaintances. It may seem that visiting a webpage merely involves entering the URL in the address bar, but that’s just the start of a more complicated process. In a split second the browser makes contact with globally distributed web servers, requests stored data packages, and then assembles the webpage from the information contained in the packages. Read on to find out how this process works and which steps are taken.

From URL to IP address

The easiest way to access a website is to write the desired address into the address bar located in the browser. This address is known as a Uniform Resource Locator (URL), and every webpage can be reached with its own individual URL (web address). A URL is made up of several sections; all of which have their own functions. Here is a generic example of a webpage URL:


Third-level domain

Second-level domain

Top-level domain



The World Wide Web (WWW) is a system of electronically stored hypertext documents. The hypertext transfer protocol (HTTP) is used in the World Wide Web in order to transfer webpage data from the web server to the browser. In addition to HTTP, there’s also an encrypted version of the protocol: Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure (HTTPS). The HTTP protocol header is followed by the hostname, which consists of a second-level and top-level domain (in this order). In the web, we usually see “www” as third-level domain, but there are other subdomains. If a URL points to a specific directory or file, the relevant information will be placed after the hostname.

URLs are generally comprised of letters, meaning that people can easily remember them. Computers, on the other hand, work with combinations of numbers (known as IP addresses) to find a server on the internet. An additional step is required in order to access content from the web browser. This step requires translating a webpage’s URL into the corresponding IP address. The task is carried out by DNS servers, which are responsible for managing the Domain Name System.

DNS server: a directory for IP addresses

When a web address is entered into the search bar of the browser, the browser looks for the requested domain in its cache. If it’s not there, it requests the operating system’s DNS server to find the required IP address. A DNS server is liable for the name resolution. The DNS server that is to be requested can be configured in the operating system as well as in the router. Per default, the internet access provider sets the address of its own DNS server there. Since requesting the domain name system takes some time, the IP addresses of sites that have already been visited are usually stored in the operating system’s or the browser’s DNS cache. This cache keeps IP addresses at hand for future visits to the website. This lightens the load of the DNS server and speeds up the webpage’s loading time.

The router as a link between computer and server

The router is the interface between the internet and home network. It requests data from the internet and distributes it to networking devices such as desktop computers, laptops, and tablets. The router is required as a link since the devices in the home network communicate with each other using local IP addresses, while outwardly sharing the router’s public IP address. The network addresses are then translated with a process known as Network Address Translation (NAT). With modern IPv6 internet connections, translations via NAT generally aren’t needed since every device in the network is allocated a public IP address.

Data exchange via HTTP

When the IP address of the chosen webpage is identified, the browser requests the relevant data for the page from the appropriate web server. This request takes place via HTTP in the form of a data packet, which contains all the information the web server needs in order to deliver the webpage data. The browser communicates the IP address of the chosen webpage, and provides information on the operating system, itself, and the device on which the webpage should be displayed. The router adds its own public IP address as sender and forwards the packet to the public internet. The web server processes the information and transmits an HTTP status code. Should the request be successful, the server sends a data packet to the web browser with all the information required for the page. If the server can’t find the webpage at the requested address, it either sends a 404 error code (webpage not found) or sends the visitor to the new URL via redirect if it’s known.

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